Will, Willing Subject, and Alien Will (God) in Wittgenstein’s Earlier Teachings

Mahdi Husseinzadeh Yazdi; Ali Akbar Ahmadi Afranjami

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 1-17

  In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein declares that “There is indeed the inexpressible. This shows itself.” Theearly Wittgenstein believes that will and willing subject are inexpressible. In the 1914–1916 Notebooks, Wittgenstein uses four titles for subject: knowing subject, thinking subject, ...  Read More

A Comparative Study of Islamic and Christian Approaches to Original Sin on the Basis of Allameh Tabataba’i’s and Augustine’s View Points

Maryam Khoshdel Rowhan; Roqayyeh Bigdeli

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 19-46

  The doctrine of original sin is one of the underlying beliefs in Christianity. According to this doctrine, the nature of human being is sinful due to the sin committed by Adam, and, therefore, Jesus should be sacrificed for the redemption of the whole world. Augustine discusses this issue in detail. ...  Read More

Science and Religion from the Viewpoint of Francisco J.Ayala

haleh abdullahi rad; Mohsen Jahed

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 47-65

  After the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century, experimental science emerged as a powerful challenger against religions. It not only question edtheir ability to solve human beings’ problems but also sought to propose more clear explanations about the world. Therefore, the relationship ...  Read More

An Analysis of Rational Virtues of Cosmological Argument

Qodratollah Qorbani

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 67-86

  The significance of contemplation in the existence of God and its extensive effects in human life has caused philosophers and the ologiansto try to offer some rational arguments in this regard. This has led to the development of different arguments, including ontological, innate, creation, motion, design, ...  Read More

Augustine's Solution to the Problem of Original Sin on the Basis of Faith and Grace Principles

Zahra Mahmoud Kelayeh; Reza Akbarian; Mohammad Sa’idi Mehr; reza akbari

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 87-104

  It can be said that Augustine's cardinal problem in his whole intellectual life was finding an answer to the crucial question that what had made attaining happiness for human being so difficult or even impossible. Augustine's answer was sin. Having this answer in mind, he attempted to find a solution ...  Read More

Hegel’s Perception of Religion in the Lectures of the Philosophy of Religion

Ali Mradkhani; Parizad Sinaee

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 105-117

  Hegel was the first philosopher who set forth some issues as the philosophy of religion while teaching in Berlin. His perception of religion was more than common understanding, and it was also different from his contemporaneous understanding. Unlike the others, he neither put the religion aside from ...  Read More

Two Proposed Methods for Producing Religious Science Based on Abdolkarim Soroush's View Points

seyyed Mohammad Taqi Movahed Abtahi

Volume 2, Issue 1 , January 2013, Pages 119-133

  There are many views in agreement and disagreement with religious science in Iran. Inrecent years, there has not been much effort to integratethese views. Abdolkarim Soroush is one of the opponents of religiousscience. Despite this fact, the present paper is an attempt to provide two methods for producing ...  Read More