Investigation and Criticism of Augustine's Theodicy in Solving the Problem of Evil by the Principles of Shia Theology

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian; gorbanali karimzadeh garamaleki; Abbas Abbaszadeh

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, Pages 1-27

Abstract
  The historical aspect of the problem of evil and the questions that it creates about the Existence of God and His Absolute Attributes, caused theodices and defenses to be explained in Christian theology in order to defend the doctrine of theism. Such an issue has caused wide-ranging debates about it ...  Read More

Divine Agency from Process Theology Point and Its Criticism Based on Manifestation Activity

Maryam Aqamohammadreza; Mohammad Javad Rezaeirah; Hamidreza Ayatollahy

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, Pages 29-55

Abstract
  One of the main topics of the philosophy of religion is the effectiveness of God and the manner of divine action in the world. Self-limiting thinking, which considers traditional philosophy and modern philosophy to be ineffective in responding to issues related to divine agency and God's relationship ...  Read More

A Theological Interpretation of "Dream" and "Language of Dreams" in the Supra-naturalistic Approach of Ibn Arabi and the Naturalistic Perspective of Erich Fromm

somayeh khademi; zeynab shariatnia

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, Pages 57-81

Abstract
  Sleep and dreams are among the salient concepts in religious-mystical studies and psychology that religious scholars, Muslim mystics, and psychologists have paid particular attention to and expressed thoughtful opinions. In the thought of mystics, one of the ways that a person can communicate with the ...  Read More

Existence or non-existence of the world in Ibn Arabi's Mysticism

Ardalan Zamani; Mohammad MohammadRezaei

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, Pages 83-102

Abstract
  The oneness of being is the most central idea of Ibn Arabi, and as interpreted by his commentators and followers, the oneness of being does not mean that the Real or true existence is united with others or is a single whole. The oneness of being means that only one entity has true existence and nothing ...  Read More

Ibn Arabi's defenses and theodicies in response to the problem of evil

Tahereh Baghestani; Hadi Vakili; N poormohammadi; Hosein Moosavi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, Pages 103-138

Abstract
  The issue of the occurrence of evil in the system of creation is one of the issues that have always focused the minds of the thinkers of the world. The number of works that have appeared on this issue forms a long list. The contribution of theologians, scholars of religion, and philosophers of religion ...  Read More

An Assessment of Bruce Reichenbach’s Theodicy on Natural Evils Based on David Chalmers’ View on Possibility and Conceivability

Amir Mohammad Emami; Abdolrasoul Kashfi

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023

Abstract
  The problem of evil is one of the philosophical issues that has been discussed from ancient times to the contemporary period. Bruce Reichenbach is one of the contemporary philosophers who has studied the issue in its various aspects. In response to the probabilistic argument from evil, he develops a ...  Read More

Investigation and Criticism of Augustine's Theodicy in Solving the Problem of Evil by the Principles of Shia Theology

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian; gorbanali karimzadeh garamaleki; Abbas Abbaszadeh

Volume 11, Issue 2 , December 2023, , Pages 1-27

Abstract
  The historical aspect of the problem of evil and the questions that it creates about the Existence of God and His Absolute Attributes, caused theodices and defenses to be explained in Christian theology in order to defend the doctrine of theism. Such an issue has caused wide-ranging debates about it ...  Read More

Nietzsche's Critique of Christian morality and Its Impact onThe Satanic Bible of Anton LaVey

Muhammad nejadiran; Rozhan Hesam ghazi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , August 2020, , Pages 245-263

Abstract
  The Satanic Bible  of Anton LaVey is one of the most important and influential books published in the United States among various currents of satanism. This book contains extremist ideas in challenging many of the prevailing moral and religious norms of American society, as well as promoting humanistic ...  Read More

Review and Criticism of Emile Durkheim's View on the Origin of Religion from the Perspective of Shahid Motahhari and John Hick

gorbanali karimzadeh garamaleki; Abdullah HosseiniEskandian

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2022, , Pages 101-118

Abstract
  Since the day when mankind entered the field of existence, religion and religious beliefs have also been created, and the question of the origin of religion has always been a fundamental question that every human being has faced. In the meantime, some thinkers like Auguste Comte (1798-1857) consider ...  Read More

Critic and research to the capacities of theReligious biologic (Genetically science of religious experience, God gene, Cognitive science of religion, spiritual intelligence)

Gholam Hossein Khedri; Hossein Sokhanvar

Volume 10, Issue 1 , December 2021, , Pages 27-47

Abstract
  researchers turn to biology and neuroscience to explore factors such as religious tendencies, including VMAT2, known as the "God gene" in order to explore the cause of religious tendencies. . The focus of this group is to provide a complete map of religious beliefs on the mechanisms of the brain and ...  Read More

A Study of the Relationship between Reason and Religion in Descartes' Thought

mostafa abedi; mohmmad asghari; isa mosazade

Volume 10, Issue 1 , December 2021, , Pages 77-96

Abstract
  In modern thought, started from Cartesian philosophy, there is no room for any knowledge beyond reason so that everything cannot be perceived by reason regarded as unknowable. Descartes believes that faith cannot be a kind of human knowledge and as a result of this fact, he separates them as two different ...  Read More

Beatitude and felicity from the standpoint of Ibn Sina

MOHAMMAD AHOOPAY; hadi vakili; fazlillah ghaleghian

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 13 February 2024

Abstract
  The present article is research on beatitude and felicity from the standpoint of Ibn Sina, the great philosopher. The main issue in this article is that, in addition to explaining the foundations and results of Ibn Sina's philosophy regarding these two important issues, it is possible to establish ...  Read More

Analytical Study of Irenaeus' Theodicy and its Criticism from the Perspective of Immāmiyya Theology (Kālam)

Abdullah HosseiniEskandian; gorbanali karimzadeh garamaleki; Aabas Aabaszadeh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 20 February 2024

Abstract
  The problem of evil has caused theologians to have comprehensive and deep discussions about this issue in their works and to defend the belief in God. Saint Irenaeus, who played a significant role in Christian theology, tried to solve the problem of evil by proposing the idea of “cultivation of ...  Read More

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