Document Type : Original Article


1 منطقه چهارده، خیابان هفده شهریور، خیابان سعیدی، خیابان صفری، کوچه قربانی، پلاک بیست، واحد دو

2 Assistant professor Philosophy Department Kharazmi University

3 Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy of Religion, University of Tehran



The Divine hiddenness argument, as presented by Canadian philosopher, John L. Schellenberg, is one of the atheistic arguments based on which, lack of sufficient evidence for theism is itself an evidence against theism. Since the argument was set forth, a lot of thinkers have made some efforts to rebut it, a lot of which have opted a super-structural attitude while others have gone for a sub-structural approach, one of whom is Michael C. Rea. He holds that through considering some misconstrued conceptions and presuppositions which are hidden behind the hiddenness argument, one can figure the confutation of this argument. After briefly articulating the hiddenness argument itself and Rea's responses to the argument, this article aims at inspecting and critically analyzing his rebuttal. The conclusion which will be eventually put forth is that although Rea has pointed us toward a betted direction in order to analyze and inspect the hiddenness argument, but if we use a reflexive approach and use his methodology on his own ideas, one will be able to discern that they can't reach to their desired target.


باربور، ایان (1392). دین و علم، ترجمۀ: پیروز فطورچی، چاپ اول، تهران: سازمان انتشارات پژوهشگاه فرهنگ و اندیشه اسلامی.
Green, Adam and Stump, Eleonore (editors) (2015). Hidden Divinity and Religious Belief, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Howard-Snyder, Daniel and Moser, Paul K. (editors) (2002). Divine Hiddenness; New Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McGinn, Marie (2003). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Wittgenstein and the Philosophical Investigations, New York: Routledge Press.
Peterson, Michael L. and Vanarragon, Raymond J. (editors) (2004). Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Parker, Ross (2014). "A Critical Evaluation of Rea’s Response to the Problem of Divine Hiddenness", European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 2014, 6/2, pp. 117- 138
Rea, Michael C. (2018). The Hiddenness of God, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rea, Michael C. and Pojman, Louis (editors) (2015). Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology, Massachusetts: Cengage Learning Press.
Schellenberg, John L. (2006). Divine Diddenness and Human Reason: with a new preface, New York: Cornell University Press.
Schellenberg, John L. (2015). The Hiddenness Argument: Philosophy’s New Challenge to Belief in God, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schellenberg, John L. (2007). The Wisdom to Doubt: A justification of Religious Skepticism, New York: Cornell University Press.
Schellenberg, John L. (2005). "The Hiddenness Argument Revisited (I)", Religious Studies, June 2005, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 201- 215.
Stump, Eleonore (2010). Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Weidner, Veronika (2018). Examining Schellenberg’s Hiddenness Argument, London: Palgrave MacMillan Press.