Document Type : Original Article


1 Master of Philosophy and Islamic Wisdom, University of Tehran

2 Associate Professor of Philosophy of Religion, University of Tehran


the problem of evil According to which the existence of evils are in apparent contradiction with three divine attributes namely omniscience, omnipotence and omnibenevolence is one of the major issues in philosophy of religion which has been studied by many scholars. . john Feinberg does not consider the problem of evil in one dimensin only, but he divides the evil into two philosophical/theological and religious problems and also holds that philosophical/theological problem has two forms: the logical and the evidential. He responses to the moral problem of evil according to his views about free will and ethical theories .

Feinberg deals with the natural problem of evil according to the theory of fall and natural order. He responses to the evidential problem with respect to the nature of inductive and probability arguments and also the limits of human knowledge. Allame tabatabaei responses to the problem of evil as privation of good into the best world. In this paper will examine the similarities and differences between the two thinkers.