Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Philosophy of Science, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies

2 Associate Professor of Philosophy, Tarbiat Modares University


Logical problem of evil, proposed by J.L. Mackie, consists in inconsistency between God’s being omnipotent and omniscient and Wholly good and there being evil in the world. In order to solve this problem, Alvin Plantinga appeals to human freedom and transworld depravity. He wants to show that because of human freedom and suffering of transworld depravity, it is possible that God, although omnipotent, could not create a world in which there will be no evil.
We have shown that the concept of transworld depravity not only does not solve the problem, but leads to other serious problems. Furthermore, even if these problems be solved, Plantinga’s defense will be insufficient.