Document Type : Original Article


1 Master student of philosophy of religion, Imam Khomeini International University

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Wisdom, Imam Khomeini International University


In history of Christianity, from the latter half of second century, a version of Christianity pervaded that is known today as Pauline interpretation of Christianity. Paul, whose original name was Sh'aul, was born in the town of Tarsus, Cilicia (in modern Turkey), of Jewish parents belonging to the tribe of Benjamin. He persecuted the first Christians until an unproven revelation converted him to Christianity. According to Paul's views, a Christian is one who believes in the incarnation of God in the human form ,His sacrifice for the forgiveness of human sins ,Resurrection and His return to heavens, and who confesses that human beings due to their original sin that is established and institutionalized in them by Adam, not by good deeds but only through God's saving grace will be saved, and at last a Christian is one who believes that church is the Christ's representative on earth and that the salvation is only obtained through its Obedience. Pauline interpretation, with its epistemic and non-epistemic backgrounds such as religious prejudices, Hellenism and Greek language and conflicts with Jewish–Christian people, is essentially based on divinity of Jesus and the church. This version of Christianity has several important consequences for Christianity that result from theopomorphism or divinity of Jesus that descents Divine Status and makes God as a factor out of system of being.