Document Type : Original Article


Faculty member of Kashan University


Today Christian theology, more than ever, is dealt with the problem of the existence and knowledge of God and especially the relation between God's knowledge and His Will, on the one hand, and human Will, on the other hand. In the contemporary era, with the advent of new philosophical beliefs in the West, Christian theology has experienced different philosophical approaches of which theistic or classical theology, neo-classical theism and Open theism can be considered as three most prominent among them. Each of the three philosophical-theological schools, have tried to present an image of God and respond to the many traditional or new questions concerning God and his relationship with the universe, especially with the human and his will. In this article, we will attempt to provide a general picture of the three approaches and analyze their flaws and criticisms, especially the criticisms raised by Christian philosophers.


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