Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in theology at the University of Religions and Religions

2 Assistant Professor of Field and University Research


Property emergentism as a new and advanced theory than materialism and physicalism and having more correspondent with sciences such as physics, neurology and biology, in spite of the acceptance of mental states, powers and casuality denies the immaterial subestance of soul / mind , and ultimately depends the mind and mental states to the body and its components and functions as a hole; that means it considers mental states as dependent properties on the interactions of the nervous system and the network components . These emergentists are classified into two group in considering free will: some see it as an emergent property and as a character of the whole nervous system and body parts network , but the other denies free will despite their accepting other mental and subjective properties . But we can provide intellectual reasons and scientific evidence on the rejection of both view and then we review and criticize these property emergentist views and prove existence of immaterial soul/mind through the existence of free will.


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