Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Philosophy and Islamic Theology, Faculty of Theology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Philosophy at Allameh Tabatabai University

3 Professor of Philosophy Department of Tarbiat Modarres University


One of the important issues in the philosophy of religion is the issue of the unity of the world and its relation to the unity of God. These different perceptions of the unity of the universe have been challenged by the unity of existence.In this paper, we are going to elucidate the viewpoints of the Muslim philosophers of the Transcendent Philosophy School with this discussion and evaluate their arguments and show the superiority of some of the views of others. In this regard, the viewpoints of Sadr's wisdom commentators who have contradictory opinions have been selected and their analysis has been analyzed.. Allameh Tabatabai, who is sometimes inclined to some form of unity, sometimes personal, sometimes also interprets the two-word consistency. Ultimately, he accepts the solid arguments of personal unity, but he does not have the ability to answer doubts. Motahari, who opposes the unity of existence, negation, negation, and neglect of possible possibilities, ultimately, by Allameh Javadi Amoli, with the proof of the "Absolute Absolute" and placing "being" and "appearing" against "lack of" defects that prevent the application of philosophy based on unity Were eliminated, so the way to change many topics was opened. In this paper, we intend to have a critical comparison of the views of these three thinkers.


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