Document Type : Promotional article


1 tehran university, theology faculty, philosophy of religion, tehran, iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy of Religion, University of Tehran


After Schellenberg proposed the argument of divine hiddenness, many theologians and thinkers have criticized this argument in different ways. In his argument, focusing on the attributes of the God of monotheistic religions, especially the attribute of love, introduces the concealment of God an evidence to atheism and believes that the God of love never allows his servants to be blamed with inculpable non-belief. Using the free will theodicy that justifies moral evil, Michael Murray, along with the Augustine theology of divine punishment, proposes a theodicy called “coercion” and critiques the argument from divine hiddenness. He claims morally significant free will cannot exercise by individual to be a believer under impulsion of God revelation. 


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