Document Type : Original Article


1 Phd Islamic Philosophy & Theology

2 Associate professor, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

3 Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Zanjan University


Eternity, meaning "the complete possession all at once of illimitable life" in " classical philosophical theology, is one of the attributes that God describes, but some philosophers of religion have distanced themselves from this interpretation due to the lack of coherence in it.  And the "timelessness" is considered irrational (unintelligible). Swinburne also avoids of "timelessness, arguing that if God 'eternity is interpreted as timelessness, it requires corrupt (evil) consequents such as the impossibility of God's relation with time, incompatibility with the witness of scripture, and the coincidence of earlier and later phenomena, incompatibility It comes with prayer and so on. Therefore, to coherence classical theism, Swinburne presents a temporal eternity model. Examining his reasons, it can be said that Swinburne first paid too much attention to the appearance of the scripture (Literalist). Concerning God's relation with time, one can think of ways other than God's temporality; They are present in the sight of God, not their physical existence, so their presence in the presence of God does not lead to different phenomena at the same time.; Therefore, it can be said that the temporal eternity of Swinburne is not a justified model for explaining the eternity of God.


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