1. The implications of the proofs of God's proof on the special doubt of existence in Ibn Sina's thought

aysooda hashempour; alimohammad sajesi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 1-17

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.33821.1411

Abstract
  One of the important rulings on the issue of existence in ontology is the issue of skepticism in existence, which has been specifically discussed in Mulla Sadra's philosophy and its coordinates have been clarified. However, it seems that the foundation of this issue can be followed by breaking the votes ...  Read More

2. Plato on the Sources of Evil

Fatemeh Rafati; mohammad saeedimehr; Babak Abbasi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 19-32

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.35069.1419

Abstract
  Plato didn’t furnish a detailed and clear theory about evil. What one can find in some of his dialogues is just certain hints to issues like the source of evil. The obscurity of Plato’s works led to a vast controversy over his real views on the source of evil to the extent that some scholars ...  Read More

3. Epistemological Approach to Problem of God in the thought Allameh Hilli

hasan abasi hasan Abadi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 33-49

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.34326.1414

Abstract
  The "epistemology of God and divine attributes" discusses the possibility of knowing God and his attributes, the ways of knowing the attributes, and how to know them. Allameh Hilli, a theologian from the Hillah School with the Peripatetic method, is both influenced by the philosophical foundations of ...  Read More

4. Divine Sovereignty and Necessary Truths, Brian Leftow against Deity Theories

Mahdi Saatchi; Mohammad Sa’idi Mehr; rasoul rasoulipour

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 51-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.34294.1413

Abstract
  According to the Abrahamic religions, God is the absolute Ultimate reality. Metaphysical necessity confronts us with truths that are absolutely necessary and do not seem to say anything about God, such as "water = H2O". Here we encounter the Euthyphro dilemma, but not in the realm of ethics but in the ...  Read More

5. Justifiability of claims of monotheistic religions on the illegitimacy of other religions
Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 77-95

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.36474.1432

Abstract
  In this paper, it is intended to show that monotheistic religions that believe in the existence of God and the event of resurrection can express that religions that deny these two facts are out of the circle of truth, because these two beliefs are based on objective realities, not subjugative matters ...  Read More

6. A Critical Analysis of Eschatological Promise in Jurgen Moltmann's Theology of Hope

rasoul rasoulipour; hassan sarayloo

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 97-120

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.35644.1424

Abstract
  The ideal of the utopia wraped with justice and peace, and the suffering caused by the bitter realities of human social life such as injustice and poverty, have forced many philosophers of religion to provide a prescription for a brighter future for humankind. Multmann wrote his Theology of Hope with ...  Read More

7. The Problem of Suffering, and Closeness to God Evaluation and Critique

sara baghdadi; seyed amir akrami

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 121-141

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.36459.1431

Abstract
  Contemporary philosopher Eleanor Stump, as a theist, sets a defense against the problem of suffering. According to her defense, first, Suffering is a necessary condition for the realization of some good; second, that good violates the suffering. The scientific concern which is followed in this article ...  Read More

8. The Skeptical Theism by William Alston and Michael Bergman; Moral Challenges

naeimeh pourmohammadi; AhmadReza Hashemi

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 143-167

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.37317.1440

Abstract
  We are more or less familiar with William's evidential problem of evil. He denies the existence of God or (in his later articles) the possibility of the existence of God by not finding God's justifing reasons for permiting evil. Theists, on the other hand, have tried to expose God's justifiing reasons ...  Read More

9. A review of two arguments against Divine Command theories

Yusuf Khorrampanah; yadollah dadjoo; rajab akbarzadeh

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 169-195

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.36209.1430

Abstract
  The question of the relationship between religion and ethics dates back as far as the history of philosophy and thought, Among the theories on this issue, Divine Command theory has always had few supporters throughout history and has been severely criticized, In this article, we examine two arguments ...  Read More

10. Motahhari's context-based reading of the story of Moses(pbuh) and Al-Khidr(pbuh) and its implications for rational thinking

Mahdi Behniafar

Volume 9, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, Pages 197-223

http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/rs.2021.36519.1433

Abstract
  This paper deals with Motahhari's rational reading of the Quranic story of Moses(pbuh) and Al-Khidr(pbuh). The rational aspect of this reading are using the philosophical concept of context in analyzing the behavior of the characters in the story, the rational and non-mystical analysis of the behavior ...  Read More

1. Reason and Faith in Mulla-Sadra and Kierkegaard’s Philosophy

Mehdi Khademi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Summer and Autumn 2012, , Pages 51-77

Abstract
  Explain the relationship between reason and faith is one of the main concerns Kierkegaard and Mulla Sadra. The most important feature of faith from the perspective Kierkegaard, is its anti-intellectual or paradoxical nature. In this thinking, person can never be achieved to faith by rational thinking ...  Read More

2. Historical Outlook to Religion in Hegel’s Philosophy

Ali Asghar Mosleh

Volume 1, Issue 1 , Summer and Autumn 2012, , Pages 135-153

Abstract
  Hegel’s philosophy of religion is the result of his philosophical outlook to i. In his philosophical system, art is the sensuous appearance, religion the representational form, and philosophy is the rational form of Geist. These three categories are in a dialectical relation to each other. Religion ...  Read More

3. Explanation of Technology Foundation on the Conquest of Creation’s View

Mohammad Reza Nili Ahmadabadi

Volume 1, Issue 2 , Winter and Spring 2013, , Pages 129-149

Abstract
  The progression of agricultural, industrial and post-industrial stages in human, s life is caused by development of technology. The success of civilization is dues by impact of technology on individual and social life and as well on material and spiritual dimensions. The greatness of Islamic civilization ...  Read More

4. A Comparative Study of Islamic and Christian Approaches to Original Sin on the Basis of Allameh Tabataba’i’s and Augustine’s View Points

Maryam i Khoshdel Rowhan; Roqayyeh Bigdeli

Volume 2, Issue 1 , Summer and Autumn 2013, , Pages 19-46

Abstract
  The doctrine of original sin is one of the underlying beliefs in Christianity. According to this doctrine, the nature of human being is sinful due to the sin committed by Adam, and, therefore, Jesus should be sacrificed for the redemption of the whole world. Augustine discusses this issue in detail. ...  Read More

5. The Death of God and its Consequences in Nietzsche's Philosophy

Hedayat Alavitabar; Seyedeh Azadeh Emami

Volume 3, Issue 2 , Winter and Spring 2015, , Pages 1-23

Abstract
  ‘God’ and the correlating ideas are of great importance in Nietzsche’s philosophy. However, his way of considering these concepts is completely different from other thinkers. He, unlike others, does not employ traditional philosophical argumentations to approve his claim; instead appealing ...  Read More

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