Document Type : Original Article

Author

Associate Professor of Philosophy at Allame Tabatabaii University

Abstract

Hegel’s philosophy of religion is the result of his philosophical outlook to i. In his philosophical system, art is the sensuous appearance, religion the representational form, and philosophy is the rational form of Geist. These three categories are in a dialectical relation to each other. Religion is the antithesis of art, and philosophy is the synthesis of them. We owe the appearance of historical outlook to religion to Hegel. He considers religion in the process of evolution of spirit in history, in relation to all categories and other constituent elements of culture. In his lectures, he specially analyses  the great historical religions according to his vast major  project. Hegel’s point of departure in historical interpretation of religion is Eastern religions as natural religions, and after considering Iran, Middle East, Greek and Jewish religions as spiritual ones come to Christianity that he called absolute and revealed religion.

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