Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor, University of Religions and Religions


George Mavrodes, philosopher of religion and revised epistemologist, offers a new interpretation of argument by means of which one can take a new look at the traditional arguments for the existence of God. Adding two conditions of ‘certainty’ and ‘persuasion’ to the two former conditions of ‘validity’ and ‘soundness’, he pictures argument as a two-dimensional or compositional concept that consists of two objective elements (validity and soundness) and two subjective elements (certainty and persuasion). Given this description of the nature of argument, it seems that one can firstly recognize the wide disagreement among proponents and opponents of the arguments for the existence of God, and secondly with regard to the subjective elements of argument, one can defend some firm and cogent narratives of these arguments.


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