عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Traditionalism is a new stream of thought that has been raised as a response to the increasing growth of modernity in the world. Studying the anthropological, epistemological and religiological of traditionalism shows that this stream of thought lacks any positive nature and one can understand it merely in a negative relation to the main concepts of modernity like transcendental subject, modern science, and secularism. Traditionalism, rather than being emerged from traditional and religious principles, is a kind of modern ideology that is constituted based on anti-modernism and defines its identity negatively, through the rejection of modernity. This study shows that the approach of traditionalists like Seyyed Hossein Nasr to traditional concepts and principles is often different from traditional attitudes of pre-modern societies’ thinkers and most of the concepts and principles, inspired by modern assumptions and ideas, try to picture a kind of anti-modern thought which its features are not so corresponded with patterns of life of pre-modern societies.